# Economics (2019) | Class 11 (First Year) | AHSEC | Assam Higher Secondary – Previous Year Question Paper 2019
ECONOMICS
Full Marks: 100
Time: 3 hours
The figures in the margin indicate full marks for the questions

PART A: STATISTICS FOR ECONOMICS

1. Answer the following as directed:                                       1×6=6

a)      Give the meaning of statistics in plural sense.                                                     1

b)      What do you mean by Secondary data?                                                               1

c)       _____ method involves each and every items of the universe. (Fill in the blank)       1

d)      The diagram which represents the data in a circle is –                                        1

1)      Bar diagram

2)      Pie-diagram

3)      Multiple diagram

4)      Subdivided bar diagram.

e)      Name three most commonly used statistical averages.                       1

f)       There are _____ quartiles in a series. (Fill in the blank)                       1

2. Mention four limitations of statistics. 2
3. Name any four methods of collecting primary data. 2
4. What is the difference between random sampling and non-random sampling? 2
5. What is the difference between frequency polygon and frequency curve? 2
6. Define weighted arithmetic mean. 2
7. Name the two measures of dispersion. 2
8. Mention specific characteristics of arithmetic mean. 4
9. Draw an ogive from the following table: 4

 Income 0-10 10-20 20-30 30-40 40-50 No. of persons 5 15 25 3 2

Or

Represent the following information in Pie-diagram:

 Items of expenditure Labour Bricks Marble Cement Company 10,000 3,000 5,000 2,000
1. “Sampling is the best method of collecting primary data” – Justify this statement.      4
2. Calculate arithmetic mean from the following data:                                                   4
 Class Interval 20-25 25-30 30-35 35-40 40-45 45-50 50-60 Frequency 10 12 8 20 11 4 5
1. Find out Karl Pearson’s co-efficient of correlation from the following data:                  4
 X 50 54 56 58 59 60 61 62 65 75 Y 20 22 24 30 32 36 38 40 44 54

Or

Explain the significance of an index number.                       4

1. Define Standard deviation, Range, Quartile deviation, Lorenz curve, Mean deviation and Inter-quartile range.    1×6=6

Or

Calculate Mean deviation and its coefficient using arithmetic mean.                         3+3=6

 Marks 20 30 40 50 60 70 No. of Students 8 12 20 10 6 4
1. Construct an Index number for 1999 taking as the base using simple average of price relative method.            6
 Commodities A B C D E F Price in 1985 (Rs.) 8 15 12 10 10 12.5 Price in 1999 (Rs.) 10 21 36 14 12 17

Or

Mention one merit and one demerit of medium. Calculate median from the following data:  1+1+4=6

PART – B (INDIAN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT)

1. Answer the following:                                                                            1×6=6

a)      Railways were introduced in _____ in India.                                  1

b)      What do you mean by Modernization?                                          1

c)       Define Privatization.                                                                           1

d)      What is the full form of NABARD?                                                   1

e)      What is Human Capital?                                                                    1

f)       Mention any two causes of inflation.                                              1

16. Name two notable economists who estimated India’s per-capita income during the SColonial Period. 2
17. Mention two important problems of Indian Agriculture. 2
18. Point out two failures of economic reforms in India. 2
19. Define absolute poverty and relative poverty. 2
20. Mention the importance of human capital formation in India. 2
21. What do you mean by agricultural marketing? 2
22. Mention four unemployment alleviation programme taken by Indian Government. 4
Or
What is Rural Credit? Why do farmers need rural credit?
23. Briefly mention the basic causes of poverty in India. 4
Or
Briefly mention the causes of inflation.
24. What is Environment? What causes a stress on environment? 4
Or
Explain the types of infrastructure.
25. Make a comparison between India and Pakistan as regards national income, size of population, birth rate, literacy rate and sex ratio. 4
26. Explain the positive impacts of economic reforms. 4
27. What do you mean by environmental degradation? Suggest some measures to solve the problems of environmental degradation. 1+5=6
Or
Explain briefly the following: 3+3=6
a) Demand-pull inflation.
b) Cost-push inflation.
28. What do you mean by organic farming? Make a comparison between traditional farming and organic farming. 2+4=6

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