International Business-I | Long Questions | Business Studies | 1st Year / Class 11 – Commerce | AHSEC (Assam)

International Business-I | Long Questions | Business Studies | 1st Year / Class 11 – Commerce | AHSEC (Assam)

Q. Distinguish between domestic and international trade. (5marks) (2015)

->  

Domestic TradeInternational Trade
A business is said to be domestic, when its economic transactions are conducted within the geographical boundaries of the country.International business is one which is engaged in economic transactions with several countries in the world.
Domestic markets are relatively more homogeneous in nature.International market lacks homogeneity due to differences in language across markets.
Domestic business is subject to rules, laws and policies, taxation system, etc. of a single country.International business transactions are subject to rules laws and policies and quotas, etc of multiple countries.
Business research can be conducted easily.Business research is difficult to conduct research.
In domestic business capital investment is less.In international business capital investment is huge.

Q. Briefly explain the problems of International business. (5marks) (2016)

-> The major problems faced are as follow:-

1. Different currencies- Every country has its own currency. So the importer has to make payment in the currency of the exporter’s country.

2. Legal Formalities- International business is subject to a large number of legal formalities and restrictions.

3. Distance Barriers- Due to large distance between countries, it is difficult to establish for traders to understand the terms and conditions of the contract.

4. Language Barrier- Due to different languages in different countries, it becomes difficult for traders to understand the terms and conditions of the contract.

5. Difference in laws- International business transactions are subject to laws, rules and regulations of multiple countries. International business transactions are subject to laws, rules and regulations of multiple countries.

6. Information Gap- It is difficult to obtain accurate information about foreign markets and about the financial position of foreign merchants.

Q. Explain the importance of International business. (5marks) (2017)

-> The importance of International business:-  

1. Prospects for higher profits- International business can be more profitable than the domestic business. When the domestic prices are lower, business firms can earn more profits by selling their products in countries where prices are high.

     2. Increased capacity utilisation- Many firms set up production capacities for their products which are in excess of demand in the domestic market. By planning overseas expansion and procuring orders from foreign customers, they can think of making use of their surplus production capacities and also improving the profitability of their operations.

     3. Prospects for growth- Business firms find it quite frustrating where demand for their products started getting saturated in the domestic market. Such firms can considerably improve prospects of their growth by plunging into overseas markets.

     4. Way out to intense competition in the domestic market- When competition in the domestic market is very intense, internationalisation seems to be the only way to achieve significant growth. Highly competitive domestic markets drive many companies to go international in search of markets for their products.

     5. Improved business vision- The growth of international business of many companies is essentially a part of their business policies or strategic management. The vision to become international comes from the urge to grow, the need to become more competitive, the need to diversify and to gain strategic advantages of internationalisation.

Q. Explain the need for international business. (5marks) (2019)

-> The importance of International business:-  

1. Prospects for higher profits- International business can be more profitable than the domestic business. When the domestic prices are lower, business firms can earn more profits by selling their products in countries where prices are high.

     2. Increased capacity utilisation- Many firms set up production capacities for their products which are in excess of demand in the domestic market. By planning overseas expansion and procuring orders from foreign customers, they can think of making use of their surplus production capacities and also improving the profitability of their operations.

     3. Prospects for growth- Business firms find it quite frustrating where demand for their products started getting saturated in the domestic market. Such firms can considerably improve prospects of their growth by plunging into overseas markets.

     4. Way out to intense competition in the domestic market- When competition in the domestic market is very intense, internationalisation seems to be the only way to achieve significant growth. Highly competitive domestic markets drive many companies to go international in search of markets for their products.

     5. Improved business vision- The growth of international business of many companies is essentially a part of their business policies or strategic management. The vision to become international comes from the urge to grow, the need to become more competitive, the need to diversify and to gain strategic advantages of internationalization.

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